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Concentration/ Memory using Golden Words
Golden Words are the 12 most used words in the written English Language they are; a, I, and, was, be, to, in, it, is, of the, that. The Golden Words make up about one quarter of all written words in English. A set of Golden Words flash cards are provided as a free downloadable link here https://jengraham71.wordpress.com/2014/11/30/golden-words-flashcards/
Object of the game
The object of the game is to collect as many matching pairs as possible and learn to read the Golden Words.
What you need
Two sets of the 12 Golden Words Two or more players. A large area that you can lay the 24 cards down on, it may be the floor or table.
Setting up the game
Lay the cards out face down in six rows of four. Ensure there is enough space to flip them over without disturbing the cards around them.
Decide who will go first. Most games begin with youngest child going first. You could chose the player whose name comes first in the alphabet.
Playing the game
The first player chooses a card and turns it over saying the word when it is turned over. Every time a card is turned over encourage your child to read it.
The player then selects another card and turns it over. If the two cards match and they can read the word they take the two cards and place it near them (face up).
If the cards are not a match or they cannot read the word, they are turned back over in exactly the same spot and it is now the next players turn.
The next player turns over their first card. If it is one of the words the previous player turned over they can try to match the card by remembering where the first card was.
If they are successful at making a match they place the cards near them (face up)
If the first card they turned over was not a match for one previously turned the player selects another card to try to find its match.
If they do not make a match they flip the cards back over and play continues to the next player.
Play continues until all pairs are found.
*In some games when you match a pair you have another turn. However, as the idea of the game is to encourage children to recognise the words it may be more beneficial to alternate turns regardless of whether they have matched a pair.
Winning the Game
When all the cards have been matched each player counts the number of pairs they have. The person with the most amount of pairs wins.
Instead of placing the cards in neat rows, as an alternative mix the cards up so they are laying on top of each other. Play the game by the above rules trying to replace the cards in the same position each time.
Place all the cards face down in front of one player. Using a timer set a single time such as 3 minutes and countdown to see how many pairs the child can match. Another alternative to single concentration is by timing to see how long it takes the child to find all pairs.
If 24 cards in front of the child is daunting, you may like to only do 12 cards (6 pairs) at a time.