The 44 sounds of the English Language made as simple as possible.

 

There are 26 letter in the alphabet which contribute to the 44 sounds in the English language.  It is unrealistic to think children will know when to use which letter combinations to make the various sounds as some adults do not have a grasp of this.

I have grouped the sounds into what is simple for children to learn to the more complex.

Single consonants single sound

There are 10 sounds which when writing they consistently use the same letter

b as in bed

d as in day

g as in gate

h as in hello

l as in lamp

p  as in pat

t  as in tiger

v as in van

w as in wet

y as in yacht

 

The short vowel sound

a as in cat

e as in peg you can also hear the short e sound in bread

i as in pig, you can also hear the short i sound in wanted

o as in log, you can also hear the short o sound in want

u as in hug, you can also hear the short u sound in love

 

 

Consonant sound many different letters.

f as in fan, you can also hear the f sound in photo.

s  as in sun, you can also hear the s sound in circle, science, mouse.

j as in jam, you can also hear the j sound in large, giant.

k as in kit, you can also hear the k sound in can, sick, quiche, Christmas

m as in map, you can also hear the m sound in comb.

n as in nut you can also hear the n sound in knife, gnat.

r as in rat, you can also hear the r sound in wrist.

z as in zoo, you can also hear the z sound in was, please.

 

The long vowel sounds

Long a can be made by rain, may, late, station

Long e can be made by street meat, thief, these

Long i sound can be made by fried, might, try, kind, shine

Long u sound can be made by soon, blue, threw, tune

Long o sound can be made by toad, snow, tone, old

 

Two consonants which make the single sound

wh when

th them

th think

sh ship mission chef

ch chip  match

zh Treasure

ng  sing sink

 

Vowel combinations which make unusual sounds

ear sound can be found in fear, beer, here

air sound can be found in stairs bear, hare

oi   sound can be found in join boy

ow sound can be found in down, shout

er sound can be found in wooden, circus, sister

au sound can be found in haul, call, law

or sound can be found in torn, door warn,

ur  sound can be found in  burn, first, term, heard, work,

ar sound can be found in cart, fast

oo sound can be found in  look, would, put

 

As you can see the English Language is not simple. When teaching children begin by using only the most common sound for each letter or letter combination. Gradually they will begin to learn spelling rules and new sounds.

Good luck.

 

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Thanks,

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