There are 26 letter in the alphabet which contribute to the 44 sounds in the English language. It is unrealistic to think children will know when to use which letter combinations to make the various sounds as some adults do not have a grasp of this.
I have grouped the sounds into what is simple for children to learn to the more complex.
Single consonants single sound
There are 10 sounds which when writing they consistently use the same letter
b as in bed
d as in day
g as in gate
h as in hello
l as in lamp
p as in pat
t as in tiger
v as in van
w as in wet
y as in yacht
The short vowel sound
a as in cat
e as in peg you can also hear the short e sound in bread
i as in pig, you can also hear the short i sound in wanted
o as in log, you can also hear the short o sound in want
u as in hug, you can also hear the short u sound in love
Consonant sound many different letters.
f as in fan, you can also hear the f sound in photo.
s as in sun, you can also hear the s sound in circle, science, mouse.
j as in jam, you can also hear the j sound in large, giant.
k as in kit, you can also hear the k sound in can, sick, quiche, Christmas
m as in map, you can also hear the m sound in comb.
n as in nut you can also hear the n sound in knife, gnat.
r as in rat, you can also hear the r sound in wrist.
z as in zoo, you can also hear the z sound in was, please.
The long vowel sounds
Long a can be made by rain, may, late, station
Long e can be made by street meat, thief, these
Long i sound can be made by fried, might, try, kind, shine
Long u sound can be made by soon, blue, threw, tune
Long o sound can be made by toad, snow, tone, old
Two consonants which make the single sound
sh ship mission chef
ch chip match
ng sing sink
Vowel combinations which make unusual sounds
ear sound can be found in fear, beer, here
air sound can be found in stairs bear, hare
oi sound can be found in join boy
ow sound can be found in down, shout
er sound can be found in wooden, circus, sister
au sound can be found in haul, call, law
or sound can be found in torn, door warn,
ur sound can be found in burn, first, term, heard, work,
ar sound can be found in cart, fast
oo sound can be found in look, would, put
As you can see the English Language is not simple. When teaching children begin by using only the most common sound for each letter or letter combination. Gradually they will begin to learn spelling rules and new sounds.
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